Joint Statement – Concrete steps to support the expansion of the UN-brokered truce in Yemen – Yemen
SEPTEMBER 23, 2022
On 21 September 2022, the Deputy Ministers and Senior Officials of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council and the European Union, Germany, Kuwait and Sweden, hereinafter referred to as the P5+4, met to discuss concrete steps to support an extension of the truce agreed by the Yemeni parties until October 2 and the launch of a political process to end the conflict in Yemen. The Netherlands, Oman, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates participated as guests.
The P5+4 reiterated their support for the sovereignty, unity, independence and territorial integrity of Yemen.
The P5+4 reiterated their strong support for the UN Special Envoy and his continued efforts for a longer extension and expansion of the current truce. They stressed the urgency of rapid progress and maximum flexibility on the part of the parties. The P5+4 expressed its determination that an expanded truce agreement will provide an opportunity to achieve a comprehensive and inclusive negotiated political settlement based on agreed benchmarks and under the auspices of the UN. They recalled the importance of the full, equal and meaningful participation of women in the peace process, including a minimum participation of 30% of women.
The P5+4 highlighted the tangible benefits of the truce for the Yemeni people, including a 60% reduction in civilian casualties from frontline violence, four times the amount of fuel imported through the port of Hudaydah compared to the last year, and commercial flights from Sana’a enabling more than 21,000 passengers to receive medical treatment abroad and reunite with their families. They called on the Yemeni parties to urgently step up and show flexibility in negotiations under the auspices of the UN to agree on a broad truce that could result in a lasting ceasefire. They urged the Yemeni parties to intensify their engagement with the UN Special Envoy on all aspects of the negotiations, to avoid conditionality and to ensure that their economic experts work closely with the UN, in order to put implement measures to deal with the economic and financial crises, in particular to identify a solution. to pay the salaries of civil servants.
The P5+4 hailed the exceptional measures taken by the Government of Yemen to avert fuel shortages in Houthi-controlled areas following a Houthi order that undermined the established process for clearing mines from tanker ships. They called on the Houthis to refrain from such actions and cooperate with UN-led efforts to identify a lasting solution to secure fuel supplies.
The P5+4 condemned all attacks that threaten to derail the truce, including, among others, the recent Houthi attacks on Taiz. They reiterated that there is no military solution to the conflict in Yemen and condemned the Houthis’ recent military parade in Hudaydah. They called for an end to all forms of visible military demonstrations in violation of the Hudaydah agreement. They expressed concern about the recent instability in southern Yemen and noted with concern the increase in the number of civilian casualties caused by landmines. They recalled the parties’ obligations under international humanitarian law and the need to respect human rights, including the protection of civilians, especially children. They expressed concern over the lack of progress in opening the roads to Taiz and reiterated their call on the Houthis to act flexibly in the negotiations and immediately open the main roads to Taiz in line with recent proposals by the Houthis. the UN.
The P5+4 called for intensified engagement and engagement by international partners to support an extension of the current truce and urged Yemeni actors to engage constructively in direct negotiations among themselves on military, political and economic issues under the auspices of the United Nations. .
The P5+4 highlighted the humanitarian crisis in Yemen and the continuing risk of famine, and they encouraged donors to fully fund the UN humanitarian response plan and support the Yemeni government’s efforts to stabilize the economy. They noted the insufficient funds to allow the operation of the United Nations Verification and Inspection Mechanism (UNVIM) for Yemen beyond 30 September 2022 and recalled the key role played by UNVIM in facilitating the commercial imports, including commodities, into ports in Yemen.
The P5+4 reiterated their deep concern over the serious ecological, maritime and humanitarian risks posed by the oil tanker Safer. They welcomed the pledges of Member States and the private sector towards the United Nations operational plan for the Safer tanker, and stressed the need to mobilize additional funds to finalize the operation.
The P5+4 underscored their willingness to scale up their support through additional financial assistance and technical expertise for economic recovery, stabilization and peacebuilding initiatives, as well as improved service delivery. of public services throughout Yemen if there is substantial progress towards a political process under the aegis of the United Nations. auspices. They called on others to join them in doing so.
The P5+4 decided to continue to meet regularly at different levels.